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Foreign Exchanges Trade Tutorial

The Forex Exchanges trade is the big market in the world. The transaction in this market is very big. Forex exchange trade is the one of the best choice to invest your capital to get provit.

 
Currency Trading
Currency trading is the way to trade currency between two or more country. There are some benefit in the currency trading, you can take profite in two way, when up market or down market. but the move of market very fast so you must be carefull when you trade in currency trading. be carefull to use your capital to trade in Currency trading. In Currency trading you can get profite fast and can get lost fat too. soo be wise to trade in currency trading.
 
Automatic Trade System
Automatic trade system is if your trade witouth hadle directly but you are use a tool for trading called forex signal. You can trade automatically if you use a forex signal. the forex signal give an advice to take action .
 
Forex Signal
Forex signal is the tool to give a advise to make decision buy or sell in the forex trading.
 
My Forex Notes

I study forex about one year ago, but today i can't trade effectively. i don't know what is the problem. i now not trade again bacause i hava no capitl to do it. I ever lost in trade.i use FX Open. I try to trade in FX open and Marketiva. but no profit and i always lost. i have experience while trade using fx Open. for trade must have a big patient and must use the best strategy. if you don't have that you must ready to lost. Is not easty to be true trader to make profit. need experience and hard work to be a succsess trader. Practice to trade is the true way to begin trade. Use your strategy, experience and capital corectly to trade and invest to profot not to lost so be wise in forex trading.

 
Forex Over View

WHAT IS FOREX?
Forex is an over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivative. “Foreign exchange” generally refers to trading in foreign exchange products (currency) in the spot (cash) markets. Margin foreign exchange products can be differentiated from foreign currency as they allow the investor an opportunity to trade foreign exchange on a margined basis as opposed to paying for the full value of the currency. In other words, investors are required to lodge funds as security (initial margins) and to cover all net debit adverse market movement (variation margins) i.e. positions are monitored on a mark-to-market basis to account for any market movements. When clients are making a loss to an extent that they no longer meet the margin requirements they are required to “top up” their accounts or to “close out” their position. Foreign exchange is essentially about exchanging one currency for another at an agreed rate. Accordingly, in every exchange rate quotation, there are two currencies. The exchange rate is the price of one currency (the “base” currency) in terms of another currency (the “terms” currency) such as the price of the Australian dollar in terms of the US dollar. For example, if the current exchange rate for the Australian dollar as against the US dollar is AUD/USD 0.7500, this means that one Australian dollar is equal to, or can be exchanged for 75 US cents. 3. T

HE HISTORY OF FOREX
The Forex market is a cash inter-bank or inter-dealer market, which was established in 1971 when floating exchange rates began to appear. The foreign exchange market is huge in comparison to other markets. For example, the average daily trading volume of US Treasury Bonds is $300 billion and the US stock market has an average daily volume of less than $10 billion. Ten years ago the Wall Street Journal estimated the daily trading volume in the Forex market to be in excess of $1 trillion. Today that figure has grown to exceed $1.8 trillion a day. Prior to 1971 an agreement called the Bretton Woods Agreement prevented speculation in the currency markets. The Bretton Woods Agreement was set up in 1944 with the aim of stabilising international currencies and preventing money fleeing across nations. This agreement fixed all national currencies against the dollar and set the dollar at a rate of $35 per ounce of gold. Prior to this agreement the gold exchange standard had been used since 1876. The gold standard used gold to back each currency and thus prevented kings and rulers from arbitrarily debasing money and triggering inflation.


The gold exchange standard had its own problems however. As an economy grew it would import goods from overseas until it ran its gold reverses down. As a result the country’s money supply would shrink resulting in interest rates rising and a slowing of economic activity to the extent that a recession would occur. Eventually the recession would cause prices of goods to fall so low that they appeared attractive to other nations. This in turn led to an inflow of gold back into the economy and the resulting increase in money supply saw interest rates fall and the economy strengthen. These boom-bust patterns prevailed throughout the world during the gold exchange standard years until the outbreak of World War I which interrupted the free flow of trade and thus the movement of gold. After the war the Bretton Woods reement was established, where participating countries agreed to try and maintain the value of their currency with a narrow margin against the dollar. A rate was also used to value the dollar in relation to gold.


Countries were prohibited from devaluing their currency to improve their trade position by more than 10%. Following World War II international trade expanded rapidly due to post-war construction and this resulted in massive movements of capital. This de-stabilised the foreign exchange rates that had been set-up by the Bretton Woods Agreement. The agreement was finally abandoned in 1971, and the US dollar was no longer convertible to gold. By 1973, currencies of the major industrialised nations became more freely floating, controlled mainly by the forces of supply and demand. Prices were set, with volumes, speed and price volatility all increasing during the 1970’s. This led to new financial instruments, market deregulation and open trade. It also led to a rise in the power of speculators. In the 1980’s the movement of money across borders accelerated with the advent of computers and the market became a continuum, trading through the Asian, European and American time zones. Large banks created dealing rooms where hundreds of millions of dollars, pounds, euros and yen were exchanged in a matter on minutes.


Today electronic brokers account for 70% of the $1.8 trillion a day Forex market in London and single trades for tens of millions of dollars are priced in seconds. The market has changed dramatically with most international financial transactions being carried out not to buy and sell goods but to speculate on the market with the aim of most dealers to make money out of money. London has grown to become the world’s leading international financial centre and is the world’s largest Forex market. This arose not only due to its location, operating during the Asian and American markets, but also due to the creation of the Eurodollar market. The Eurodollar market was created during the 1950’s when Russia’s oil revenue, all in US dollars, was deposited outside the US in fear of being frozen by US authorities. This created a large pool of US dollars that were outside the control of the US. These vast cash reserves were very attractive to foreign investors as they had far less regulations and offered higher yields.


Today London continues to grow as more and more American and European banks come to the city to establish their regional eadquarters.
The sizes dealt with in these markets are huge and the smaller banks, commercial hedgers and private investors hardly ever have direct access to this liquid and competitive market, either because they fail to meet credit criteria or because their transaction sizes are too small. But today market makers are allowed to break down the large inter-bank units and offer small traders the opportunity to buy or sell any number of these smaller units (lots).

4. THE PURPOSE OF FOREX
People who trade Forex contracts may do so for a variety of reasons. Some trade for speculation, that is, with a view to profiting from fluctuations in the price or value of the underlying instrument or security. For example, Forex traders may be short-term investors who are looking to profit from intra-day and overnight market movements in the underlying currency. Forex traders may have no need to sell or purchase the underlying currency themselves, but may instead be looking to profit from market movements in the currency concerned. Others trade Forex to hedge their exposures to the underlying currency. Foreign exchange exposures may arise from a number of different activities.

• Companies or individuals, that are dependent on overseas trade, are exposed to currency risk. This can be to purchase (or sell) physical commodities (such as machinery) or even financial products (such as investing in securities listed on an international stock exchange).
• An exporter who sells its product priced in foreign currency has the risk that if the value of that foreign currency falls then the revenues in the exporter’s home currency will be lower; or
• An importer who buys goods priced in foreign currency has the risk that the foreign currency will appreciate thereby making the cost, in local currency terms, greater than expected.
• A person going on a holiday to another country has the risk that if that country’s currency appreciates against their own, their trip will be more expensive.

In each of the above examples, the person or the company is exposed to currency risk. Currency risk is the risk that arises from nternational business which may be adversely affected by fluctuations in exchange rates. The Forex market allows individuals and corporations the ability to buy or sell foreign exchange products to manage these risks.

5. MARKET PARTICIPANTS
Private Banks play two roles in the Forex market. Firstly they facilitate transactions between two parties wishing to exchange currency, and secondly they speculate by buying and selling currencies. It has been estimated that international banks generate 70% of their revenues from currency speculation. Governments through their central banks also participate in the Forex market. Central banks such as the US Federal Reserve buy and sell currency in order to try to stabilise their own currency and therefore strengthen or weaken their country’s financial position. The Forex market is so large and is composed of so many participants that no one player, not even a government central bank, can control the market. Forex is not a “market” in the traditional sense. There is no centralised location for trading and there is no exchange” like stocks or futures. Trading occurs over the phone and through computer terminals at many locations throughout the world. The bulk of the trading is done between approximately 300 large international banks, which process transactions for large companies, governments and their own accounts.These banks are continually providing prices for each other and the broader market a a buy or “bid” and a sell or “ask” The most recent quote from one of these banks is considered the markets current price for that currency.


6. KEY FEATURES OF FOREX CONTRACTS

6.1 Currency Pairs
The first currency in the pair is referred to as the base currency and the second currency is the counter or quote currency. The U.S. Dollar, as the world’s dominant currency, is usually considered the ‘base’ currency for quotes and includes the USD/JPY, USD/CHF and USD/CAD. This means that quotes are expressed as a unit of $1 USD per the other currency quoted in the pair. The exceptions are the Euro, Great Britain Pound, and Australian dollar. These currencies are quoted as dollars per foreign currency. Prices are quoted against these currency pairs. For example if the EUR/USD is quoted at 0.9890 this means that 1 EUR is buying 0.9890USD or 98.90c. In the case of the Swiss Franc and Japanese Yen the USD is quoted first therefore if USD/JPY is quoted at 124.15 then 1 USD is buying 124.15 JPY.

The significance of this system becomes very apparent when looking at charts and the dealing platform. When placing orders you will be buying or selling the primary currency against the secondary currency. The four major currency pairs are EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/CHF AND USD/JPY. Other currency pairs you may consider include USD/CAD, AUD/USD, NZD/USD as well as the cross rates such as EUR/GBP, EUR/CHF, EUR/JPY, GBP/JPY etc.

6.2 Points (Pips)
It is arbitrary how many significant figures are used in an exchange rate quotation. The last decimal place to which a particular exchange rate is usually quoted is referred to as a “point” or “pip”. For example:

• In the quotation USD 1=AUD 0.7250, one point or one pip means AUD 0.0001.
• In the quotation USD 1=JPY 102.50, one point or one pip means JPY 0.01.

Of note, all points (or pips) are not of equal value. Forex traders typically talk about moves in a currency and the profit they make by using a term called pips. A pip refers to the last decimal digit of the quoted currency. For instance the USDYEN might be quoted at 124.57. The movement of the 2nd decimal is referred to as a pip. If the USDYEN moves from 124.57 to 124.71 this represents a 14 pip move. Most other non yen quoted currencies like EURUSD, GBPUSD, USDCAD are quoted to 4 decimal numbers, thus this 4th digit is one pip. For example for the EURUSD the price might move from 0.8632 to 0.8639, a move of 7 pips. A movement in the GBPUSD from 1.4465 to 1.4520 is a 55 pip move. The dollar amount that relates to one pip for each of the currencies is listed below EURUSD, GBPUSD 1 pip = $10 USD per contract. (fixed) USDCHF 1 pip = $8.3 USD per contract. (approx) USDYEN 1 pip = $9 USD per contract. (approx) As will be explained later the spread between the bid and ask price is generally 3-5 pips. Therefore upon entering a position you are down 3-5 pips. In order to get to breakeven the currency must move 3-5 pips in your direction, and then profit is earned after that. So in order to earn a 10 pip profit from trading long the EURUSD (assuming a spread of 3 pips), it would need to move from 0.8977 to 0.8990 on the chart price.

6.3 Margin
Trading Forex contracts involves trading on margin. Margin allows you to purchase a contract without the need to provide the full value of the contract. Margin requirements vary between market makers but typically range from 1-4%. For example, for $100,000 position on 1% margin you would be required to offer $1000 per as margin. This dollar amount is expressed in the base currency. The following examples will show you how your margin is calculated. A trader decides to go long JPY against USD by buying a 1,000,000 contract of
USDJPY.
• for a 1% margin account: margin required 1,000,000 x 0.01 = $10,000 USD
• for 2% margin account: margin required 1,000,000 x 0.02 = $20,000 USD

A trader decides to go short EUR against USD by selling a 1,000,000 contract of EURUSD.

• for a 1% margin account: margin required 1,000,000 x 0.01 = $10,000 EUR
• for 2% margin account: margin required 1,000,000 x 0.02 = $20,000 EUR

When you place an order to buy or sell a Forex contract, the margin required for the position is separated from the rest of your account balance. The remaining funds in your account are often referred to as your remaining margin.

6.4 Spread
Forex market makers quote foreign exchange rates by taking into consideration the current spot “inter bank” exchange rates. The price that you may deal at is presented to you as a bid and an offer, much like equities markets. The difference in price between the quoted bid and offer will include a spread in favour of the market maker. Forex market makers make their earnings from the spreads that are embedded in the currency rates, as the rates they deal in are more favourable. A Forex market maker acts as an aggregator, providing liquidity to many retail trader and offsetting the resulting risk in the inter-bank market at more favourable terms (smaller spreads).

You will be quoted different spreads depending on the currency pair being traded. There is correlation between the liquidity of a currency pairs and the dealing spreads offered. The more liquid pairs generally have smaller dealing spreads. A smaller spread means that if a position is taken, the price does not have to move in your favour as much until a position of breakeven is achieved. Spreads do vary in small amounts from one Forex market maker to another, but it is a relatively competitive business sector. The target bid/ask spreads are the best possible target spreads used in normal market conditions. In quiet market conditions, the spread may be even narrower but in periods of volatile markets, the spread may be increased.

6.5 Calculating Profits and/or Losses
The profit or loss from a transaction is calculated by keeping the units of one of the currencies constant (the “base” currency) and determining the difference in the number of units of the other currency (the “terms” currency). The profit or loss will be expressed in the units of the currency which is not kept constant. 6.6 Realised and Unrealised Profits and Losses Profits and/or losses are realised if both the buy and the sell side of the transaction are complete and have been matched against each other or closed out. Profits and/or losses are unrealised if only one side of the transaction has been completed.

 
Forex Tutorial For Beginner
Forex is far and away the world's largest and most liquid trading market. With a daily estimated turnover of 2-3 TRILLION DOLLARS the daily volume of forex trading is at least 30 times larger than the New York Stock Exchange. Many forex traders consider it to be the best home-based business venture for the average person. FX Trading is not bound to any one trading floor and is not centralized on an exchange, as with the stock and futures markets. The FX market is considered an Over-the-Counter (OTC) or 'Interbank' market, due to the fact that the entire market is run electronically, within a network of banks, continuously over a 24-hour period. One of the things that people love about the forex market is that, unlike the stock market where it can be almost impossible to pick a winning stock in a continually fluctuating market, forex traders can make a tidy profit whether a currency (or economy) is going up or down.

This one feature makes forex trading the perfect "recession proof" financial venture, because it is just as easy to make money in forex during a recession as in an economic boom. This is because when one currency goes down in value, it's currency "pair" is going up in value - meaning that someone is always making money. Unlike the stock market which can "create" (or evaporate) wealth, the forex market is a "zero-sum" market. Zero-sum refers to a situation where the amount of "winnable goods" (or resources in our terminology) is fixed. Whatever is gained by one participant, is therefore lost by the other participant: the sum of gained (positive) and lost (negative) is zero. This corresponds to a situation of pure competition. The great thing about the forex market is that unlike the stock market, there is no "theoretical" or "pretend" wealth created. If someone earns $10,000 in forex, it's because someone else lost $10,000. What this also means is that if you have $50,000 in your forex portfolio, it will always be there, it can't just evaporate overnight in value the way a stock or mutual fund can.
 

Divergence in MACD and CCI Tutorial in forex trading

Put very simply, my understanding of “divergence” in forex trading is that a momentum indicator such as CCI can show what is called “divergence” in that the momentum or strength in the direction of the trend has weakened despite that the price has made a new high or low. That is a long sentence but it does explain divergence.If you want to look out for divergence, I look for it on a 4 hourly chart but also on other charts, too. What you will generally see is the price hitting a low, forming a bit of a base or retracing somewhat then reverting back in the direction of the original trend.At the same time you are able to see on your MACD and/or CCI indicators that the momentum has not increased in that direction. It has decreased. This indicates a reversal and an opportunity to trade for once, against the trend. A recent example was making a lot of pips on GBP/USD. Instead of “guessing” when the GBP/USD was going to form a temporary bottom and getting stopped out, patiently waiting for the MACD on the four hourly chart to show clear DIVERGENCE could have allowed the catching of the correction from 1.9600 to 1.9800 before the retrace.

 

 
Forex markets tutorial for beginner- who's trading and why
There are many, many reasons why forex (FX) is such a huge and active market. Countries need to buy foreign currencies to invest in a country or to buy their goods. Every day more and more investors are turning to the all-electronic world of forex trading for income and profit because of its numerous benefits & advantages over traditional trading vehicles, like stocks, bonds and commodities.Many people mistake FX as trading the futures market, where you buy a contract to purchase a particular currency at a future price in time. What forex traders do is much less risky than trading currencies on the futures market, much more profitable, and a lot easier, than trading stocks. Most forex traders are engaging in the "spot" forex market which means that when a currency is bought, the position is closed in a specified amount of time, usually 48 hours later. However, it is important to note that most participants in the futures markets are speculators who usually close out their positions before the date of settlement and, therefore, most contracts do not tend to last until the date of delivery.

The forex market plays a vital role in the world economy and there will always be a tremendous need for foreign currency exchange. International trade increases as technology and communication increases. As long as there is international trade, there will be a forex market. The FX market has to exist so a country like Japan can sell products in the United States and be able to receive Japanese Yen in exchange for the US Dollar. There's plenty of money to be made in forex for traders that use the right trading techniques and tactics - and the amount of money on the table is always going up. And, with only 5% of the daily turnover of volume coming from banks, government, and large corporations who need to hedge, the other 95% of forex is for speculation and profit!

It's important to note that forex is nothing like the "day trading" which was so popular a few years ago. Back then everyone and their dog was day trading - buying and selling stocks for the short term in order to turn quick profits. Of course, this was also happening at a time of almost continual (and unrealistic) growth in real estate and the stock market - many people did make some money at the time, but it was quite short lived as the stock market and real estate market were not based on realistic economic fundaments - and have since crashed. As we've since seen, the stock market is a fickle thing, and many people have come to see that the stock market takes away wealth as easily and quickly as it creates it. The forex market is completely different, as it doesn't operate on a "boom or bust" cycle like the stock market does. The FX market is extremely liquid as it is essentially dealing in cash, and so the value of the forex market is real, not 'theoretical' like the stock market.

In the stock market, a company's shares can triple overnight, or become worthless just as fast. In forex trading, you are making money because you are essentially betting on a currency to increase or decrease in value. If you're right and someone else is wrong, you make money and they lose money. If they're right and you're wrong, you lose and they win. Forex really is that simple. The best way to get good at trading is to practice using a free demo account and learn the ropes without risking any money. Below are 3 excellent sites for you to try. Good luck!

 

 

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